Understanding The Skin: A Complex Organ

Understanding your skin and how it functions is the first step in achieving optimal skin health. This is essential, given that your skin is your body’s first line of defense against environmental risks. It’s an intricate organ made up of three layers: the epidermis, the dermis, and the hypodermis. 

The Epidermis

The epidermis is the outermost layer of the skin. The skin cells that make up the epidermis are constantly regenerating and protect your body against all sorts of external threats. Whether your skin has been cut, exposed to an irritating substance, or burned by the sun’s harsh rays, the epidermis is tasked with keeping your body’s essential internal organs safe. 

The Dermis

The dermis is the middle layer of the skin. It houses many sensory cells, hair follicles, sweat glands, and oil-producing glands. Collagen and elastin, which help provide volume and flexibility to the epidermis, are produced in the dermis. These substances are essential to maintaining healthy, youthful-looking skin. 

The Hypodermis

The hypodermis is the deepest layer of the skin. It’s mainly made of connective tissue, fat, and water. The hypodermis acts as cushioning for bones and joints while regulating body temperature. Additionally, multiple crucial hormones are synthesized in the hypodermis, including Vitamin D. 

The Endocannabinoid System

The cells in every layer of your skin work harmoniously in a neuro-immuno-endocrine network. This network is managed by the endocannabinoid system, or ECS. 


The ECS regulates several essential functions to maintain the health of your skin. These include:


  • Cell death, which allows your body to shed old or damaged cells and replace them with new, regenerated skin cells.  
  • Cannabinoid receptor signaling, which can reduce excessively high skin cell production for lower cancer risk, as well as lower inflammation by calming sensory nerves. 
  • Pro-inflammatory cytokine and chemokine regulation for improved immune health
  • Treg cell action regulation for improved immune health

The ECS also impacts the production of sebum, the natural oil in the skin. To preserve the skin’s barrier, sebum production may need to rise. To prevent acne from forming, sebum production may need to decrease. Any disturbance in the ECS’s cannabinoid signaling process can lead to skin conditions, such as:


  • Acne
  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Irritative allergic contact dermatitis
  • Seborrhea
  • Psoriasis
  • Hair growth problems
  • Systemic sclerosis
  • Skin cancer

CBD: A Solution For Greater Skin Health

When the skin’s barrier isn’t properly regulated, inflammation and impaired wound healing can result. Conversely, the activation of cannabinoid receptors can reduce inflammation and fend off skin disease. So, it’s believed that preserving the function of endogenous cannabinoid compounds can help treat skin disease. CBD is ten times more effective in permeating the layers of the skin than THC, making it the preferred skincare ingredient to support cannabinoid compounds.  


View our complete range of CBD skincare products to learn more about how CBD can benefit the long-term health of your skin.